Chapter 149
1 Hallelujah! Sing to the LORD a new song, a hymn in the assembly of the faithful.
Let Israel be glad in their maker, the people of Zion rejoice in their king.
2 Let them praise his name in festive dance, make music with tambourine and lyre.
For the LORD takes delight in his people, honors the poor with victory.
3 Let the faithful rejoice in their glory, cry out for joy at their banquet,
With the praise of God in their mouths, and a two-edged sword in their hands,
To bring retribution on the nations, punishment on the peoples,
To bind their kings with chains, shackle their nobles with irons,
4 To execute the judgments decreed for them-- such is the glory of all God's faithful. Hallelujah!
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1 [Psalm 149] A hymn inviting the people of Israel to celebrate their God in song and festive dance (Psalm 149:1-3, 5) because God has chosen them and given them victory (Psalm 149:4). The exodus and conquest are the defining acts of Israel; the people must be ready to do again those acts in the future at the divine command (Psalm 149:6-9).

2 [3] Make music with tambourine and lyre: the verse recalls the great exodus hymn of Exodus 15:20.

3 [5] At their banquet: literally, "upon their couches." The people reclined to banquet.

4 [9] The glory: what brings honor to the people is their readiness to carry out the divine will, here conceived as punishing injustice done by the nations.

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